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Upeneus tragula Richardson, 1846

Freckled goatfish
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Upeneus tragula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Upeneus tragula (Freckled goatfish)
Upeneus tragula
Picture by Bailly, N.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino; salobre asociado a arrecife; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 0 - 42 m (Ref. 95469).   Tropical; 30°N - 30°S, 92°E - 16°W

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean to Western Pacific: from Andaman Islands to E Australia and to Japan and New Caledonia.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 9947)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 8; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 9; Espinas anales 1; Radios blandos anales: 6. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VIII + 9; pectoral fins 12-14; gill rakers 4-7 + 15-19 = 20-25; lateral line scales 28-31; the following measurements are in %SL- body depth at first dorsal fin origin 21-28 and at anus 18-24; caudal-peduncle depth 9.5-12, width 3.1-4.9L; maximum head depth 18-24; head depth through eye 14-20; head length 26-32; postorbital length 9.9–13; orbit length 5.3-8.9; upper jaw length 9.8-14; barbel length 13-21; caudal-peduncle length 22-27, caudal-fin length 29-34; anal-fin height 16-20; pelvic-fin length 19-24; pectoral-fin length 17-22, width 3.5-5.3; first dorsal-fin height 20-25; second dorsal-fin height 17-21; postorbital length 1.4–2.0 times in anal-fin height; all fins with red, brown or black stripes, bars or blotches; 7–19 oblique bars on caudal fin, 3-9 bars on upper lobe, 4-10 on lower lobe; first dorsal fin with a large blotch around tip; one red, brown or black mid-lateral body stripe from tip of snout through eye to caudal base; body and head ground colour white or beige, slightly darker above lateral line, with irregular red, brown or black spots and/or blotches; yellow barbels but may be pale brown or orange in fresh fish; most of body and fin pigmentation retained on preserved fish (Ref. 95469).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Known to enter lower reaches of rivers. Usually found on sandy bottoms in nearshore areas; usually solitary (Ref. 68964). Forms small to moderately large aggregations at all sizes (Ref. 48636). Minimum depth from Ref. 3470.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Randall, John E. | Colaboradores

Uiblein, F. and G. Gouws, 2014. A new goatfish species of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) based on molecular and morphological screening and subsequent taxonomic analysis. Mar. Biol. Res. 10(7):655-681. (Ref. 95469)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; Acuario: Comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Más información

Nombres comunes
Agregación para la puesta
Egg development
Perfil de acuicultura
Frecuencias de alelos
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial


Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29.1, mean 28.2 (based on 734 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00695 - 0.01143), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Alto, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo inferior a 15 meses (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.