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Upeneus tragula Richardson, 1846

Freckled goatfish
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Upeneus tragula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Upeneus tragula (Freckled goatfish)
Upeneus tragula
Picture by Bailly, N.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 42 m (Ref. 95469).   热带; 30°N - 30°S, 92°E - 16°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean to Western Pacific: from Andaman Islands to E Australia and to Japan and New Caledonia.
印度-西太平洋: 东非到万那度, 北至日本南部。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9947)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鳍软条: 6. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VIII + 9; pectoral fins 12-14; gill rakers 4-7 + 15-19 = 20-25; lateral line scales 28-31; the following measurements are in %SL- body depth at first dorsal fin origin 21-28 and at anus 18-24; caudal-peduncle depth 9.5-12, width 3.1-4.9L; maximum head depth 18-24; head depth through eye 14-20; head length 26-32; postorbital length 9.9–13; orbit length 5.3-8.9; upper jaw length 9.8-14; barbel length 13-21; caudal-peduncle length 22-27, caudal-fin length 29-34; anal-fin height 16-20; pelvic-fin length 19-24; pectoral-fin length 17-22, width 3.5-5.3; first dorsal-fin height 20-25; second dorsal-fin height 17-21; postorbital length 1.4–2.0 times in anal-fin height; all fins with red, brown or black stripes, bars or blotches; 7–19 oblique bars on caudal fin, 3-9 bars on upper lobe, 4-10 on lower lobe; first dorsal fin with a large blotch around tip; one red, brown or black mid-lateral body stripe from tip of snout through eye to caudal base; body and head ground colour white or beige, slightly darker above lateral line, with irregular red, brown or black spots and/or blotches; yellow barbels but may be pale brown or orange in fresh fish; most of body and fin pigmentation retained on preserved fish (Ref. 95469).
高变异的颜色, 从红色 (参考文献 48636), 对在身体上的不规则的点与斑块; 褐色-黑色的斑纹从吻尖到尾鳍。 (参考文献 5405) 成鱼有在两个背鳍上的深色末端而且典型地在第一背鳍的深色的末端中有一些黄斑。 当停留在底部上的时候,红色与有斑点的颜色通常显示, 不论白天或晚上。 当游泳到处觅食的时候, 它颜色较淡色彩具有一个黑色的侧面中央的斑纹.(参考文献 48636)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Known to enter lower reaches of rivers. Usually found on sandy bottoms in nearshore areas; usually solitary (Ref. 68964). Forms small to moderately large aggregations at all sizes (Ref. 48636). Minimum depth from Ref. 3470.

发现在在珊瑚礁附近的沙与泥底部上了。 (参考文献 30573) 已知进入河川下游。 通常独居性的 (参考文献 5213), 但是形成小的对普通大的群集大小不一.(参考文献 48636)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 东非到万那度, 北至日本南部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Uiblein, F. and G. Gouws, 2014. A new goatfish species of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) based on molecular and morphological screening and subsequent taxonomic analysis. Mar. Biol. Res. 10(7):655-681. (Ref. 95469)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
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俗名
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新陈代谢
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生态毒物学
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孕卵数

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29.1, mean 28.2 (based on 734 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00695 - 0.01143), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.