Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Aulostomidae
Etymology: Aulostomus: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 2 - 25 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 33°N - 0°N, 98°W - 29°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bermuda to northern South America. East to St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 26340); common length : 60.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 7251)
Spine dorsali (totale): 12; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 21-25; Raggi anali molli: 21 - 25. Prominent barbel at tip of lower jaw. Dorsal fin preceded by 8-13 well-spaced, isolated spines (Ref. 26938)
Commonly found in weedy areas and especially around reefs, where they usually swim snout-down among sea whips (gorgonians). A solitary ambusher of small fishes and crustaceans that lurk among branching coral or gorgonians. Often swims behind large herbivorous fishes to sneak up on prey. Mouth opens to diameter of body to suck in prey (Ref. 9710). Marketed locally. Has been traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Acquario: Commerciale
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.5 - 28.2, mean 27.4 (based on 657 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .