Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Schilbeidae
Etymology: congensis: After the type locality of this species, the Congo River (Ref. 43912).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: lower and middle Congo River basin (Ref. 43912, 78218), including Pool Malebo (=Stanley Pool) (Ref. 43912) and Wagenia Falls (Ref. 106245).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 43912)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 1. Diagnosis: adipose fin always present; anterior two nostrils closer to each other or almost at same distance from each other than posterior ones; inner mandibular barbel very slender, rudimentary or absent (sometimes only present on one side of head), if present never reaching beyond anterior eye border; eyes very small (especially in large specimens: negative allometry), 12.0-23.3% HL; snout reaching beyond lower jaw; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated; pelvic fin base slightly advanced in comparison with other related species, situated at same level as origin of dorsal fin base (Ref. 43912).
Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Might be a species adapted to rapids (Ref. 43912). Max. recorded SL 36.7 cm (Ref. 43912).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 1986. Schilbeidae. p. 36-53. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3570)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .