Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Schilbeidae
Etymology: Irvineia: It is the name of a seaweed; orientalis: From the Latin "orientalis" (from the East) referring to the East African distribution of this species (Ref. 43912). More on author: Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 10°N - 0°N
Africa: rivers Juba and Uebi Shebeli in Somalia and Ethiopia (Ref. 43912).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43912)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 6. Diagnosis: adipose fin always present; posterior nostrils always closer to each other than anterior ones; 7-9 branched pelvic fin rays; nasal barbel at least reaching to midway between eye and opercle; posterior side (inner side) of pectoral spine feebly serrated; swim-bladder with posterior caecum which extends caudally on one side of body (dextrally or sinistrally) to posterior end of anal fin (Ref. 43912).
Feeds at least in part on insects (Ref. 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 1995. A systematic revision of the African Schilbeidae (Teleostei, Siluriformes). With an annotated bibliography. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 271:1-450. (Ref. 43912)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .