Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Caesionidae
(Fusiliers) > Caesioninae
Etymology: Pterocaesio: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + Latin, caesius = blue grey (Ref. 45335). More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 58018), usually ? - 10 m (Ref. 89972). Tropical; 34°N - 31°S, 39°E - 133°W (Ref. 402)
Indo-Pacific: East Africa, not including the Red Sea or the Arabian (Persian) Gulf, to the Marquesas Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 402)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 11 - 13. Upper body blue to greenish, lower whitish. 4-6 cheek scales; 24-32 predorsal rays; scaled dorsal and anal fins. Upper peduncular scale rows usually 12 or 13 (12-14); lower peduncular scale rows usually 16 or 17 (15-17). Post maxillary processes 2; posterior end of maxilla tapered. The process on ventrolateral surface of basioccipital for attachment of Baudelot's ligament not extending beyond a horizontal with condyle's rim (Ref. 1723). Caudal fin lobes with dark tips. Head length 3.0-3.7 in SL; body depth 3.4-4.6 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Ranges widely around coral reefs (Ref. 58652) and appears to prefer clear waters of oceanic islands or reefs far from large land masses. Feeds on zooplankton in midwater aggregations. Oviparous, with numerous, small pelagic eggs (Ref. 402). Also caught by drive-in nets. Used as tuna baitfish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Carpenter, K.E., 1987. Revision of the Indo-Pacific fish family Caesionidae (Lutjanoidea), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (15):56 p. (Ref. 1723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: occasionally
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 3174 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00467 - 0.02458), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 51.2 [32.2, 95.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.815 [0.554, 1.149] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.4, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.151 [0.107, 0.214] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.4 [23.4, 61.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 72.5 [31.7, 165.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.11 [0.83, 1.49] mg/100g (wet weight);