Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae
Etymology: Xanthichthys: Greek, xanthos = yellow + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bennett.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 150 m (Ref. 9770), usually 24 - 147 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 30°N - 23°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, north to the Ryukyus, south to Cocos-Keeling Atoll and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874)
Occur in upper margins of current-swept seaward drop-offs and ledges (Ref. 205, 48637). Current-prone and with rich invertebrate growth such as seawhips. Usually found at moderate depths over 20 meters and occuring in small loose groups (Ref. 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Form loose aggregations a few meters above the bottom where it feeds on zooplankton, particularly copepods. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Also taken by drive-in nets (Ref. 9770).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.3 - 28.2, mean 25.1 °C (based on 350 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02570 (0.01243 - 0.05316), b=2.94 (2.76 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 47.8 [17.8, 99.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.746 [0.465, 1.472] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.2, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.127 [0.060, 0.264] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.5 [15.4, 67.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 68.5 [20.7, 234.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.07 [0.69, 1.70] mg/100g (wet weight);