Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); abrupta: Name from Latin referring to the very sharp demarcation between the dark body and the white caudal fin. More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 22 m (Ref. 39287). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: endemic to Marquesas.Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39287)
soft rays: 11 - 12;
Vertebrae: 26. Body very dark gray-brown, depth 1.95-2.1 in SL. Caudal fin abruptly white. Narrow posterior part of dorsal and anal fins hyaline. Base of pectoral fins with a large black spot. Upper and lower spiniform procurrent caudal rays 2; upper and lower 2 branched caudal rays filamentous and often very long. Tube lateral line scales 16-18, rarely 16. Free margin of subopercle nearly reaching a vertical at rear margin of pupil.
A shallow water species. Feeds on planktons (Ref. 89972). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 2001. Four new damselfishes (Perciformes: Pomacentridae) from the Marquesas Islands. Copeia 2001(1):92-107. (Ref. 39287)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.6 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00792 - 0.03811), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 136 [72, 246] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.05 [0.64, 1.82] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.2, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.175 [0.091, 0.322] g/100g ; Selenium = 19 [8, 40] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 200 [60, 665] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.68 [1.06, 2.67] mg/100g (wet weight);