Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Cheilodipterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 158 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 30°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 8. Juveniles have a small black spot surrounded by a large gold blotch on the caudal peduncle (Ref. 37816); characterized further by the following: mauve or pale grey color with eight reddish brown stripes; blackish to brown caudal fin base; adults capable of quick color change; greatest depth of body 3.2-4.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Occurs in sheltered bays and lagoon patch reefs from 5 to at least 20 m, forming small, loose aggregates in caves or just above branches of certain corals (Ref. 1602). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 37816).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1993. Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 1638 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00733 - 0.02370), b=3.14 (2.98 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.72 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 76.2 [43.3, 127.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.775 [0.490, 1.334] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.0, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.166 [0.098, 0.272] g/100g ; Selenium = 28 [14, 53] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 121 [40, 366] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.05 [0.70, 1.59] mg/100g (wet weight);