Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Swerdloff.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 37 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 30°N - 26°S, 119°E - 133°W
Pacific Ocean: Mariana Islands to the Hawaiian and Society islands, south to Vanuatu and the Austral Islands. Possibly at Rowley Shoals (eastern Indian Ocean).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)
Adults found in exposed seaward reefs. Sometimes inhabit clear lagoons or channels. They occur in small to large aggregations on the upper edge of the slope over live coral or rubble. Uncommon (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on planktons (Ref. 89972). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 28.4, mean 27.4 °C (based on 140 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00662 - 0.03303), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 179 [90, 406] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.25 [0.75, 2.14] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.5, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.205 [0.108, 0.384] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.2 [9.2, 46.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 271 [93, 766] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.07 [1.34, 3.21] mg/100g (wet weight);