Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Labroides: Greek, labrax, -akos = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Fowler & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 37816), usually 2 - 20 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 32°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Line, Marquesan and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs to at least 40 m. Territorial around prominent coral formations called 'cleaning stations' (Ref. 9710). Juveniles generally solitary and quite secretive in caves while adults may wander over a large area in search of other fishes with ectoparasites (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.9, mean 27.6 °C (based on 824 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00183 - 0.01092), b=3.14 (2.93 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 111 [63, 221] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.673 [0.373, 1.235] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [15.6, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.121 [0.070, 0.215] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.2 [15.8, 62.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 144 [46, 509] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.79 [1.16, 3.22] mg/100g (wet weight);