Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Cheilininae
Etymology: Pseudocheilinus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 44 m (Ref. 1602), usually 6 - 44 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 28°N - 28°S
Pacific Ocean: Japan to the Hawaiian and Tuamoto islands, south to the Austral Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
A secretive species that inhabits seaward reefs, among live coral or rubble (Ref. 1602). Benthic and benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Often observed hiding around the base of small heads of live coral, especially Pocillopora meandrina. Stomach contents of specimens taken from Oahu and Johnston I. consisted of demersal eggs, copepods, amphipods, alpheid shrimp, crab megalops, larval shrimp and gastropod. However, it is likely that the copepods and larval food items are from demersal plankton because this species is never seen more than a few centimeters off the bottom (Ref. 33410).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Pseudocheilinus, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (28):34 p. (Ref. 33410)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.3, mean 26.5 °C (based on 124 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00720 - 0.03825), b=2.95 (2.76 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 146 [84, 323] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.98 [0.58, 1.70] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [15.7, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.174 [0.100, 0.295] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.5 [13.5, 47.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 127 [40, 430] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.28 [1.50, 4.03] mg/100g (wet weight);