Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Cheilininae
Etymology: Cymolutes: Greek, kymo = waves + Greek, lytes, lyto = to liberate. More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 10 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 21°N - 18°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4392) and east to the Society Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9823)
A solitary species (Ref. 90102) that inhabits reef flats and shallow lagoons, in sandy, current-swept areas with rubble and weed (Ref. 9710). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates (Ref. 89972). Capable of diving into the sand with the approach of danger. Rarely caught by fishers or aquarium collectors (Ref. 9823).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.2 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 1456 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 69.5 [36.5, 126.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.722 [0.445, 1.309] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [15, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.064, 0.197] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.6 [15.9, 59.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 181 [61, 616] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.58 [1.02, 2.88] mg/100g (wet weight);