Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae
(Puffers) > Canthigasterinae
Etymology: Canthigaster: Greek, kanthos = the outer or inner corner of the eye, where the lids meet, 1646 + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 50 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical; 21°N - 25°S, 72°E - 171°E
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to eastern New Guinea, north to the Philippines and Palau, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Lives in coastal to outer reef habitats from silty to pristine reefs (Ref. 48637). Occurs in clear, coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 37816). Sometimes solitary (Ref. 90102). Adults often in pairs along deep drop-offs while juveniles can be found in shallow estuaries (Ref. 48637).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 1999. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 1999. (Ref. 33021)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 28.9, mean 28 °C (based on 224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03548 (0.01811 - 0.06951), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 131 [51, 312] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.935 [0.580, 1.875] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.2, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.145 [0.071, 0.282] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.1 [12.8, 59.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 61.1 [18.1, 215.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.6 [1.0, 2.6] mg/100g (wet weight);