Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Astrapogon: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, pogon = chin, beard (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 40101). Tropical; - 33°S
Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA, Antilles, Caribbean (Ref. 26938) and Bahamas to Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26938)
Adults occur in clear Thalassia testudinum beds where it often inhabits empty snail shells (Ref. 9626). Caught at night or in the early hours of the morning (Ref. 9626).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Are mouthbrooders (Ref. 240, 58877). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 28.2, mean 27.5 °C (based on 595 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00493 - 0.02329), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 166 [96, 389] mg/100g ; Iron = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.3, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.187 [0.116, 0.309] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.7 [14.2, 51.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 101 [36, 277] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.83 [1.27, 2.62] mg/100g (wet weight);