Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiadinae
Etymology: Pseudanthias: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, anthias = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Lubbock.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 40 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115)
Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Is., Maldives, Indonesia and Similan Island, Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Inhabits outer reef slopes. Occurs in aggregations, most frequently in clear waters of outer reef slopes and passes in depths ranging from about 3 to 15 m (Ref. 54301). Feeds mainly on zooplankton and swims up to several meters above the bottom while feeding (Ref 54301). When threatened by passing divers or predators the anthias hastily retreat to the safety of rocky crevices. It has a harem-type of social structure, with each male controlling a group of females. When courting, the male color is greatly intensified and the bright red dorsal fin is fully erected (Ref. 54301).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.1 - 29.1, mean 28.7 °C (based on 134 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00398 - 0.02292), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 114 [60, 249] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.61, 1.80] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.178 [0.100, 0.312] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.2 [13.5, 53.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 152 [51, 492] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.69 [1.08, 2.61] mg/100g (wet weight);