Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Malacanthidae
Etymology: Hoplolatilus: Greek, hoplon = weapon + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Klausewitz, McCosker, Randall & Zetzsche.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 30 - 55 m (Ref. 90102), usually 30 - ? m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115)
Indo-West Pacific: Philippines south to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Probably found in areas with sand, silt, or rubble bottoms at the bases of reefs near 30 m depth (Ref. 9710). It can rapidly change its color (Ref. 9933).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Displays obligate monogamy where a one-to-one pair is established irrespective of resource abundance (Ref. 52884).
Klausewitz, W., J.E. McCosker, J.E. Randall and H. Zetsche, 1978. Hoplolatilus chlupatyi n.sp., un nouveau poisson marin des Philippines (Pisces, Perciformes, Percoidei, Branchiostegidae). Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 2(1):30. (Ref. 9898)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.5 - 28.4, mean 27.9 °C (based on 133 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00390 - 0.01696), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .