Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Ambassidae
Etymology: Ambassis: Derived from Greek, anabasis = climbing up (Ref. 45335). More on author: Macleay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 57178). Subtropical; 27°S - 36°S, 146°E - 155°E (Ref. 57342)
Southwest Pacific: Endemic to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occurs in lentic and lotic freshwater, as well as in mangrove areas (Ref. 7300). A small schooling species also found in estuaries and coastal marine waters (Ref. 33616).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.6 - 23.6, mean 21.8 °C (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00301 - 0.02897), b=3.03 (2.78 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 366 [146, 907] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.23 [1.62, 7.55] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.9, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.968 [0.410, 2.430] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.9 [7.3, 61.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.7 [9.1, 160.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.7 [0.9, 3.0] mg/100g (wet weight);