Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Assiculinae
Etymology: Assiculus: Latin, axiculus, diminutive of axis = cart, wagon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 37748). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: endemic to Western Australia and Queensland.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37748)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12 - 14;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Head and body with small, bright blue spots. Uninterrupted lower lip at symphysis. Dorsal and anal rays mostly unbranched and segmented. Upper part of caudal fin with 4-5 procurrent rays and 9 principal rays; the lower part with 4-5 procurrent and 8 principal rays. Disjunct lateral line; anterodorsal series of 33-43 (usually 36-40) tubed scales extending from gill opening. Usually 19 or 20 circumpeduncular scales (Ref. 37748).
Occurs inshore near reefs (Ref. 7300) and weed bed areas; usually in relatively silty waters at depths up to 30 m. A secretive species usually found at highly eroded limestone reef and rocks (Ref. 37748).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gill, A.C., 1999. Pseudochromidae. Dottybacks (eelblennies). p. 2557-2577. In Carpenter, K. E. and V. E. Niem. 1999. Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. : iii-v; 2069-2790. (Ref. 37748)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1035 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 145 [84, 315] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.88 [0.52, 1.41] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.187 [0.118, 0.300] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.5 [13.3, 46.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 142 [53, 376] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.81 [1.25, 2.58] mg/100g (wet weight);