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Schilbe intermedius Rüppell, 1832

Silver catfish
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Schilbe intermedius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Schilbe intermedius
Picture by Seegers, L.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Schilbeidae (Schilbid catfishes)
Etymology: intermedius: of this species (Ref. 43912).  More on author: Rüppell.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 大洋性; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 60 m (Ref. 34291), usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 34291).   熱帶

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Africa: Senegal, Gambia, Casamance, Corubal, Geba, Little Scarcies, Sassandra, Boubo, Bandama, Agnébi, Mé, Comoé, Tano, Pra, Volta basin, Mono, Sio, Ouémé, Ogun, entire Niger and Chad basins, Cross, Wouri and Sanaga; absent between Little Scarcies and Sassandra; further in the entire Congo River basin, Malagarasi, Luiche, Cunene, Okavango, entire Zambezi including the Kafue system, Lake Kariba, Nile, Lake Victoria basin, Webi Shebeli, Wando, Tana, Galana, Athi, Wami, Rufiji-Ruaha, Lake Rukwa, lower Sabi-Lundi, Shire below Murchison Falls, Lake Chilwa, Ruvu, Pungwe, Limpopo, Incomati and Pongola (Ref. 43912).
非洲: 塞內加爾,甘比亞,卡薩芒斯, Corubal , Geba ,薩桑德拉河, Boubo , Bandama , Agnebi , Comoe , Tano , Pra ,佛塔河,單一, Oueme , Ogun ,尼日,查德與十字河流域。 非洲: 在蘇丹的尼羅河.(參考文獻 28714) 記錄來自奧塔萬戈河三角州,波札那 (參考文獻 27501) ,尚比亞,莫三比克與南非了,(參考文獻 13332)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 10.0, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 57127); 最大体重: 1.4 kg (Ref. 43912)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 1; 背的软条 (总数): 5-6; 臀鳍软条: 41 - 66. Diagnosis: 8-13 gill rakers (exceptionally 7-14, Ref. 43912) on lower limb of first gill arch; 41-66 branched anal-fin rays; eyes positioned laterally (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). In the Nile (Ref. 43912) and in West Africa adipose fin usually absent, but specimens with a rudimentary adipose fin occasionally present (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). In Central and East Africa populations without as well as with entirely developed adipose fin occur; in several populations both morphotypes are mixed together, the adipose fin being absent or present but sometimes varying in size from a recognizable protrusion low down the back to a fully developed adipose fin; posterior nostrils always closer to each other than are anterior ones; lower jaw reaches beyond snout but hardly remarkable in some specimens, mouth being almost isognath; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated; nasal barbel at least reaching to midway between eye and opercle but often reaching beyond this level; small specimens (up to about 15 cm) with typical colour pattern with dark lateral bands along sides and anal fin, this pattern gradually disappearsing in larger specimens, the body becoming in general entirely brownish, yellowish and silvery with very few traces of dark lateral bands (Ref. 43912).
臀鳍长的, 从排泄孔延伸几乎到尾鳍的起源。 四对短又嘴巴周围的触须。 银灰色, 背面颜色略深.(参考文献 34290)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Reported to be a pelagic species (Ref. 34290), generally abundant in open water, in both lacustrine and fluviatile conditions, often showing shoaling habits; seems to prefer large or rather large rivers and lakes and apparently rarely penetrates small rivers or small affluents (Ref. 43912). Occur mainly on shallow waters. Migrate to the surface at night (Ref. 34291). Surface feeder; nocturnal, omnivorous, voracious and predaceous (Ref. 43912). Feeds on fish (juvenile as well as adults), insects (aquatic as well as terrestrial ones, larvae as well as adult insects), molluscs, freshwater prawns and other crustaceans, algae and bottom-living and planktonic organisms; vegetable material and eggs were also reported from stomach contents (Ref. 43912). Primarily piscivorous at 13-34 cm TL (Ref. 34291, 43912). Rarely grow to lengths greater than 30 cm SL (Ref. 34290). Maximum total length recorded 60.5 cm (Ref. 43912), 52331). Maximum lifetime observed almost 10 years (Ref. 43912). Spawn throughout the year peaking once (Ref. 34291). Migrate into rivers in fairly compact schools during the rainy season to spawn in floodwater pools (Ref. 34291). Reproduction occurs at high water after the floods (Ref. 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Flesh edible and of good flavour; possible aquaculture species (Ref. 43912).

报告是一个大洋性鱼种。 (参考文献 34290) 主要生存在浅水域。 对表面回游在晚上。 (参考文献 34291) 吃宽范围的无脊椎动物包括陆栖的昆虫与全部或鱼的碎片。 (参考文献 28714) 主要地在 13-34 公分TL 是以鱼为食的。 (参考文献 34291) 很少对长度大于 30 公分 SL 生长。 (参考文献 34290) 产卵全年度到达高点一次。 (参考文献 34291) 在产卵于洪水水池中的雨季的时候在非常紧密的鱼群中回游进入河之内。 (参考文献 34291)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).非洲: 塞內加爾,甘比亞,卡薩芒斯, Corubal , Geba ,薩桑德拉河, Boubo , Bandama , Agnebi , Comoe , Tano , Pra ,佛塔河,單一, Oueme , Ogun ,尼日,查德與十字河流域。 非洲: 在蘇丹的尼羅河.(參考文獻 28714) 記錄來自奧塔萬戈河三角州,波札那 (參考文獻 27501) ,尚比亞,莫三比克與南非了,(參考文獻 13332)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

De Vos, L., 2003. Schilbeidae. p. 97-116 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57127)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 January 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 实验的
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00419 - 0.01142), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=5, probably greater; K=0.1-0.3; Fec = 18,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.