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Schilbe intermedius Rüppell, 1832

Silver catfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Schilbe intermedius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Schilbe intermedius
Picture by Seegers, L.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Siluriformes (Catfish) 鯰形目 (Catfish) > Schilbeidae (Schilbid catfishes) 北非鯰科 (Schilbid catfishes)
Etymology: intermedius: of this species (Ref. 43912).  More on author: Rüppell.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 大洋性; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 60 m (Ref. 34291), usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 34291).   熱帶

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Africa: Senegal, Gambia, Casamance, Corubal, Geba, Little Scarcies, Sassandra, Boubo, Bandama, Agnébi, Mé, Comoé, Tano, Pra, Volta basin, Mono, Sio, Ouémé, Ogun, entire Niger and Chad basins, Cross, Wouri and Sanaga; absent between Little Scarcies and Sassandra; further in the entire Congo River basin, Malagarasi, Luiche, Cunene, Okavango, entire Zambezi including the Kafue system, Lake Kariba, Nile, Lake Victoria basin, Webi Shebeli, Wando, Tana, Galana, Athi, Wami, Rufiji-Ruaha, Lake Rukwa, lower Sabi-Lundi, Shire below Murchison Falls, Lake Chilwa, Ruvu, Pungwe, Limpopo, Incomati and Pongola (Ref. 43912).
非洲: 塞內加爾,甘比亞,卡薩芒斯, Corubal , Geba ,薩桑德拉河, Boubo , Bandama , Agnebi , Comoe , Tano , Pra ,佛塔河,單一, Oueme , Ogun ,尼日,查德與十字河流域。 非洲: 在蘇丹的尼羅河.(參考文獻 28714) 記錄來自奧塔萬戈河三角州,波札那 (參考文獻 27501) ,尚比亞,莫三比克與南非了,(參考文獻 13332)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 10.0, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 57127); 最大體重: 1.4 kg (Ref. 43912)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 1; 背的軟條 (總數): 5-6; 臀鰭軟條: 41 - 66. Diagnosis: 8-13 gill rakers (exceptionally 7-14, Ref. 43912) on lower limb of first gill arch; 41-66 branched anal-fin rays; eyes positioned laterally (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). In the Nile (Ref. 43912) and in West Africa adipose fin usually absent, but specimens with a rudimentary adipose fin occasionally present (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). In Central and East Africa populations without as well as with entirely developed adipose fin occur; in several populations both morphotypes are mixed together, the adipose fin being absent or present but sometimes varying in size from a recognizable protrusion low down the back to a fully developed adipose fin; posterior nostrils always closer to each other than are anterior ones; lower jaw reaches beyond snout but hardly remarkable in some specimens, mouth being almost isognath; inner side of pectoral spine feebly serrated; nasal barbel at least reaching to midway between eye and opercle but often reaching beyond this level; small specimens (up to about 15 cm) with typical colour pattern with dark lateral bands along sides and anal fin, this pattern gradually disappearsing in larger specimens, the body becoming in general entirely brownish, yellowish and silvery with very few traces of dark lateral bands (Ref. 43912).
臀鰭長的, 從排洩孔延伸幾乎到尾鰭的起源。 四對短又嘴巴周圍的觸鬚。 銀灰色, 背面顏色略深.(參考文獻 34290)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Reported to be a pelagic species (Ref. 34290), generally abundant in open water, in both lacustrine and fluviatile conditions, often showing shoaling habits; seems to prefer large or rather large rivers and lakes and apparently rarely penetrates small rivers or small affluents (Ref. 43912). Occur mainly on shallow waters. Migrate to the surface at night (Ref. 34291). Surface feeder; nocturnal, omnivorous, voracious and predaceous (Ref. 43912). Feeds on fish (juvenile as well as adults), insects (aquatic as well as terrestrial ones, larvae as well as adult insects), molluscs, freshwater prawns and other crustaceans, algae and bottom-living and planktonic organisms; vegetable material and eggs were also reported from stomach contents (Ref. 43912). Primarily piscivorous at 13-34 cm TL (Ref. 34291, 43912). Rarely grow to lengths greater than 30 cm SL (Ref. 34290). Maximum total length recorded 60.5 cm (Ref. 43912), 52331). Maximum lifetime observed almost 10 years (Ref. 43912). Spawn throughout the year peaking once (Ref. 34291). Migrate into rivers in fairly compact schools during the rainy season to spawn in floodwater pools (Ref. 34291). Reproduction occurs at high water after the floods (Ref. 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Flesh edible and of good flavour; possible aquaculture species (Ref. 43912).

報告是一個大洋性魚種。 (參考文獻 34290) 出現主要吃淺水域。 迴游到表面在晚上。 (參考文獻 34291) 捕食寬範圍的無脊椎動物包括陸棲的昆蟲與全部或魚的碎片。 (參考文獻 28714) 主要以魚為食在 13-34 公分TL.(參考文獻 34291) 很少對長度大於 30 公分 SL 生長。 (參考文獻 34290) 產卵全年度到達高點一次。 (參考文獻 34291) 在產卵於洪水水池中的雨季的時候在非常緊密的魚群中迴游進入河之內。 (參考文獻 34291) 卵生的, 卵是沒有防衛的.(參考文獻 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).非洲: 塞內加爾,甘比亞,卡薩芒斯, Corubal , Geba ,薩桑德拉河, Boubo , Bandama , Agnebi , Comoe , Tano , Pra ,佛塔河,單一, Oueme , Ogun ,尼日,查德與十字河流域。 非洲: 在蘇丹的尼羅河.(參考文獻 28714) 記錄來自奧塔萬戈河三角州,波札那 (參考文獻 27501) ,尚比亞,莫三比克與南非了,(參考文獻 13332)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

De Vos, L., 2003. Schilbeidae. p. 97-116 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57127)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 January 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 養殖: 實驗的
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00419 - 0.01142), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=5, probably greater; K=0.1-0.3; Fec = 18,000).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.