Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Caldwell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 14 - 50 m (Ref. 48391). Subtropical
Eastern Pacific: Austral (including Rapa), Pitcairn and Easter islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89972)
Found in areas with coral or rock bottoms and numerous crevices (Ref. 4858). Feeds on filamentous algae (Ref. 89972). Forms harems of 3-7 individuals. Rarely exported through the aquarium trade (Ref. 48391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pyle, R., 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. p. 3266-3286. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. (Ref. 48391)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.9 - 29, mean 27.4 °C (based on 180 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.01558 - 0.07036), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 61.1 [31.0, 125.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.22 [0.66, 2.20] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.6, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.188 [0.100, 0.352] g/100g ; Selenium = 10.6 [4.6, 25.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.5 [8.8, 184.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.45 [0.86, 2.41] mg/100g (wet weight);