Thalassoma lunare, Moon wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

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Thalassoma lunare (Linnaeus, 1758)

Moon wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thalassoma lunare   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassoma lunare (Moon wrasse)
Thalassoma lunare
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 1 - 20 m (Ref. 9823), usually 1 - 20 m (Ref. 27115).   Subtropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 36°S, 24°E - 136°W

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4392) to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and northern New Zealand (Ref. 1602). Reported to have formed a hybrid with Thalassoma rueppellii (Ref. 41655).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5450)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 8; 背鰭 (合計): 13; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 11. Adults are identified by the yellow lunate tail. Large males turn blue on the head that grades to green towards the tail (Ref. 48636). Body dark green to blue with vertical red to purplish red lines. Head green to blue with irregular pink to violet bands. Adults with large yellow crescent posteriorly in caudal fin and blue pectoral fins with a large elongate pink area distally. Juveniles with a large dark spot in middle of dorsal fin and a large diffuse black spot at base of caudal fin (Ref 9823).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Occurs solitary or in groups (Ref. 90102) in the upper portions of lagoon and coastal reefs, and in protected seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Enters estuaries (Ref. 48636). Usually found on upper portions of ledges and heads (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small benthic invertebrates and fish eggs (Ref. 9823). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Length at sex change = 11.0 cm TL, forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Westneat, Mark | 協力者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 June 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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共通名の
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生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1296 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00814 - 0.01948), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.