Schilbe mystus, African butter catfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Schilbe mystus (Linnaeus, 1758)

African butter catfish
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Schilbe mystus
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Schilbeidae (Schilbid catfishes)
Etymology: mystus: Named for Mr. Adanson, collector of the type material of this species (Ref. 43912).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 4 - 69 m.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672); 25°N - 27°S, 17°W - 45°E

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Africa: Nilo-Sudanese species, known from the Nile basin and in West Africa from the Senegal River eastwards to the Cross, Wouri and Sanaga River, including the Chad basin (Ref. 43912). Various reports, including from the Ogowe and Congo River basin or Zambia and Zimbabwe, are based on misidentifications (Ref. 43912). Reports from Angola and Tanzania are questionable and need confirmation.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 13.1, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 57127); 最大公表体重: 250.00 g (Ref. 3799); 最大記録サイズ: 7 年 (Ref. 7248)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 1; 背鰭 (合計): 6. Diagnosis: adipose fin present (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643) and fully developed (Ref. (Ref. 57127, 81643). Anterior nostrils more closer to each other than to posterior ones; inner margin of pectoral-fin spine strongly denticulate posteriorly (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). Nasal barbel reaching to anterior eye margin (Ref. 57127, 81643), but never extending beyond posterior margin of eye (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). Mouth subterminal (Ref. 57127, 81643), snout reaching beyond lower jaw (Ref. 43912). 45-64 branched anal-fin rays and 8-15 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Lacustrine as well as fluviatile species, confined to lakes and moderate to large rivers (Ref. 43912). Shoals in standing or slowly flowing open water with emergent or submerged vegetation. Generally more active at night or in subdued light. Feed from mid-water and surface waters on a wide variety of foods including fish, insects, shrimps, snails, plant seeds, and fruit. Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Often important spawning migrations occur (Ref. 43912). Breed during the rainy season and may be either a single or multiple spawner in different localities, laying eggs on vegetation. May live up to 6-7 years (Ref. 7248). Max total length 45.0mm (Ref. 43912). Also caught with drawnets. In general considered as a flavoured, first class eating fish (Ref. 43912).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

De Vos, L., 1995. A systematic revision of the African Schilbeidae (Teleostei, Siluriformes). With an annotated bibliography. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 271:1-450. (Ref. 43912)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00711 - 0.01169), b=2.98 (2.91 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.09-0.94; tmax=6-7; assuming fec > 10,000).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.