分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚)
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Aulostomidae
Etymology: Aulostomus: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 3 - 122 m (Ref. 1602). ; 34°N - 32°S, 26°E - 77°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaii and the Easter Island, north to southern Japan south to Lord Howe Island. Eastern Central Pacific: Panama, Revillagigedo Islands, Clipperton Island, Cocos Island, and Malpelo Island (Ref. 9275).
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 2334); common length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 55763)
背棘 (總數): 8 - 12; 背的軟條 (總數): 24-27; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 26 - 29. Occurs in three basic color phases: uniformly brown to green, mottled brown to green, or uniformly yellow. First dorsal fin consists of a series of isolated spines, followed by a second dorsal fin consisting of rays. The second dorsal fin is shaped like the anal fin and is found directly above it. A black maxillary stripe usually present, but may be reduced; dorsal and anal fins light, but with a dark basal bar; caudal fin usually with two round black spots; a black spot at the base of each pelvic fin (Ref. 9825).
Found in clear, shallow water (Ref. 9275), in rocky and coral areas of protected and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602, 58302, 58534, 58652). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes and shrimps (Ref. 9275). A slow-moving fish relying partly on stealth and camouflage to sneak up on unsuspecting prey. Often darts down vertically on its prey. Usually solitary (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Fritzsche, R.A., 1984. Aulostomidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3309)
IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)
無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 27 November 2014
CITES (Ref. 118484)
漁業: 低經濟; 水族館: 商業性
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.2 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 1234 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00200 (0.00083 - 0.00481), b=3.19 (2.98 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .