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(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Aulostomidae
Etymology: Aulostomus: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 3 - 122 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 34°N - 32°S, 26°E - 77°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaii and the Easter Island, north to southern Japan south to Lord Howe Island. Eastern Central Pacific: Panama, Revillagigedo Islands, Clipperton Island, Cocos Island, and Malpelo Island (Ref. 9275).
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 2334); common length : 60.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 55763)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 8 - 12; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 24-27; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 26 - 29. Occurs in three basic color phases: uniformly brown to green, mottled brown to green, or uniformly yellow. First dorsal fin consists of a series of isolated spines, followed by a second dorsal fin consisting of rays. The second dorsal fin is shaped like the anal fin and is found directly above it. A black maxillary stripe usually present, but may be reduced; dorsal and anal fins light, but with a dark basal bar; caudal fin usually with two round black spots; a black spot at the base of each pelvic fin (Ref. 9825).
Found in clear, shallow water (Ref. 9275), in rocky and coral areas of protected and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602, 58302, 58534, 58652). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes and shrimps (Ref. 9275). A slow-moving fish relying partly on stealth and camouflage to sneak up on unsuspecting prey. Often darts down vertically on its prey. Usually solitary (Ref. 48635).
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Fritzsche, R.A., 1984. Aulostomidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3309)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Komersial
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanMass conversion
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.2 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 1234 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00200 (0.00083 - 0.00481), b=3.19 (2.98 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .