Mormyrus kannume Forsskål, 1775
Elephant-snout fish
Mormyrus kannume
photo by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

Family:  Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Max. size:  100 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; depth range 0 - 70 m,
Distribution:  Africa: known from the Lower Nile up to the Lake Victoria basin (Ref. 1878), including Baro system in Ethiopia (Ref. 54860). Present in Lakes Victoria, Kyoga, Albert, Edward and George, the Victoria and Murchison Nile (Ref. 34290), and the Middle Akagera system (Ref. 46152). Also known from the Lake Turkana basin and the Northern Ewaso Nyiro (Ref. 52331).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0. Dorsal head profile straight or somewhat curved, sloping steeply. Snout produced into a stout trunk whose thickness and angle to the face are variable. Lips thick. Eye small. Dull bronze dorsally, lighter ventrally (Ref. 34290).
Biology:  Solitary, nocturnal species (Ref. 28714). In Lake Victoria in both coastal and offshore waters (Ref. 4903). May spawn in the main lake, perhaps in deep water over rocks (Ref. 52083). In Lake Kyoga in open water rather than weedy areas (Ref. 55624). Bottom feeder; small fishes eat lithophilic insects; adults almost exclusively insectivorous; chironomids dominate in the diet (Ref. 12526). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 15 December 2015 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 05.02.94
Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 23.12.15
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 17.06.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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