Enteromius nyanzae (Whitehead, 1960)
Nyanza barb
Enteromius nyanzae
photo by RMCA

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Smiliogastrinae
Max. size:  7 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 18,
Distribution:  Africa: Lake Victoria and affluent streams and rivers (Ref. 104796). Also found in Middle Akagera system in Rwanda (Ref. 27628, 46152).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-8; Anal soft rays: 6-6. Last ray of dorsal fin slightly hardened and less toothed on the posterior side, certainly the distal part (Ref. 27628; [I think the author meant last unbranched ray instead of last ray; Gert Boden, 2001]). Barbels short; anterior barbels not passing the nostrils; posterior barbels just passing the anterior side of the eye (Ref. 27628). Dorsal side brown-silver colored, ventral side silver. A grayish black or black lateral band leaps from the operculum to the caudal fin; dorsal, caudal and anal fins are brown-orange, paired fins are not colored (Ref. 27628).
Biology:  Found in lakes and rivers. In the Lake Victoria system it appears in rivers and lake-side streams during rains, and in dry season along shores of the lake (adults) or in floodwater pools (juveniles) (Ref. 104796). Anadromous (Ref. 104796). Likely to spawn twice a year; floodwater pools appear to be spawning grounds; breeding may also occur among grasses at river edges (Ref. 104796).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 26 October 2015 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 24.06.94
Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 22.10.15

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